Growing astilbe, varieties and hybrids

Growing astilbe, varieties and hybrids

The plant in question has decorative leaves and flowers, but especially openwork, as if saturated with air inflorescences. Their light, foamy pattern will decorate any garden, especially since astilba is a very unpretentious plant.

Astilbe (Astilbe) belongs to the family of saxifrage. It is found wild in the Himalayas, East Asia, Japan and North America. There are more than 30 types of astilbe. These are perennial herbaceous plants from 30-40 to 150 cm tall, with dense rhizomes. Leaves are double or triple pinnate, less often simple. Small flowers are collected in apical paniculate inflorescences of white, pink, red or purple color. Bloom in June-July. Inflorescences can be pyramidal, rhombic, paniculate, but drooping are especially graceful. Moreover, the petals are short or long.

It is generally accepted that moist soil and partial shade are optimal for astilba. This is true, however, many Astilbes feel great in the open sun.

Flowering is more abundant here, but shorter, and the foliage is slightly lighter. But astilbe does not tolerate a prolonged drought in any case. During the dry period, plants should be watered every day or even twice a day (early morning and evening).

In open places, it is necessary to mulch the soil to protect the rhizomes from overheating. It is advised to mulch astilba immediately after planting, adding mulch (shavings or bark) in a layer of up to 5 cm.

Astilba grows rapidly in favorable conditions, so it is advisable to divide the rhizome every 5-6 years. "Longevity" will inevitably negatively affect flowering. Astilba can be transplanted at any time of the growing season, even at the time of flowering, but it must be watered within 2-3 weeks after transplanting. But the best time for a transplant is here, near St. Petersburg and in the North-West region - in late spring - early summer. The distance between plants when planting in a permanent place is 30-50 cm, depending on the height of the variety.

Astilbe is fed for the first time in the spring after the appearance of aerial shoots (nitrogen fertilizers prevail), the second time immediately after flowering or in the fall (with potash and phosphorus fertilizers).

Reproduction of astilba

Astilba propagates by seeds, renewal buds and rhizome division.

Seeds. In March-April, they are sown in boxes filled with a mixture of peat and sand in a ratio of 3: 1. The seeds are very small (about 20,000 per 1 g), therefore, before sowing, they should be mixed with sand for even distribution over the soil surface. After sowing, they are not closed up, and are watered from a spray bottle so as not to wash off. Seed germination is low. Seedlings appear in 3-4 weeks. With the appearance of a real sheet, they must be opened. After the pick, the seedlings are ready for planting in the ground by June. Plants grown from seeds bloom in the third year.

Renal buds. In early spring, a regeneration bud with a part of the rhizome is cut out from plants (propagation method with a "heel"). Rooting is carried out in greenhouses. The substrate is used the same as for sowing. It is poured into a 5-7-centimeter layer on ordinary fertile soil. Astilbe is planted in a permanent place in the spring of next year. In the same year, the plants bloom.

Division of the bush. This breeding method is the most common and widely used. The strips are prepared so that each one has 1-3 buds and a rhizome 3-5 cm long, preferably with adventitious roots. The division is best done in early spring, then the astilbe will bloom by autumn.

Distillation. For forcing, Japanese hybrid astilba varieties with a compact, low-growing bush are used. It is recommended to take young seedlings with 6-10 buds grown from regeneration buds, and not obtained by dividing old bushes. Selected plants are planted in autumn in pots of the desired size, which are placed in a cold greenhouse and covered with spruce branches or peat. In December-January, they are transferred to a room with a temperature of 10-14 ° C. When the leaves begin to bloom, the temperature is raised to 16-18 ° C, watered abundantly and often, sprayed with warm water. But when inflorescences appear, spraying must be stopped. Astilbe bloom 10-14 weeks after transferring them to the greenhouse. At later periods of transfer (February - March) flowering occurs faster.

Astilba varieties and hybrids

It is difficult to say how many varieties of astilba there are in the world. Perhaps about 200-250, of which only 40-50 are widespread. The Catalog of Ornamental Herbaceous Plants in Botanical Gardens of the CIS and the Baltic States (compiled by RA Karpisonova, 1997) contains 11 species and 85 varieties.

In Great Britain there is a collection of Henry Noblett, which has been awarded national status. It contains 14 species and 165 varieties. I will try to note the features of the most interesting groups of astilba varieties (there are 12 groups in total).

Low hybrids of astilba chinese (A. chinensis (Pumila Hybrida) (P.H.)). Astilbes of this group are few in number. The most widespread varieties were G. Arends (1862-1952) red shades Finale, Intermezzo, Serenade. Newer varieties: Superba, Veronica Klose, Purpurkerze, Spatsommer. All of them bloom later than usual, in late August - early September, and therefore are especially valuable. In addition, these varieties are suitable for rock gardens.

Fringed Hybrid Astilbe (A. (Crispa Hybrida) (C.)). Like the previous group, it is formed from the varieties of G. Arends. Elata is the largest of this group. The rest of the varieties are miniature, with strongly dissected openwork fringed leaves, graceful inflorescences.

Japanese hybrids (A. (Japonica Hybrida) (J. H.)). Leaves are doubly pinnate, flowers are small, white or pink in dense, rhombic inflorescences up to 30 cm long. G. Arends was also the creator of the first varieties of this group.

Pink hybrids (L. (Rosea Hybrida) (R. There are only two varieties of G. Arends in the group: Peach Blossom and Queen Alexandra. These varieties were awarded a gold medal at the London exhibition in 1904. Suitable for forcing. Peach Blossom is a widespread variety.

This is just a small part of what can be told about this wonderful plant. I hope, however, that I managed to interest you.

N. Usov, biologist

Landing astilba

Astilbe can be transplanted at any time during the growing season, even at the time of flowering, but within 2-3 weeks after transplanting they need to be watered. The growth of transplanted plants is highly dependent on heat and moisture in the spring. If any of these factors are absent, astilbe plants do not take root well.

In flower beds, astilbes are planted at a distance of no less than 30 cm (high varieties - 50 cm), in borders - 30-50 cm. For reproduction, astilbe can be planted in furrows or on ridges. We plant them on ridges 1 m wide, in transverse grooves every 15-30 cm, 6-7 plants in each, that is, 23 or 46 plants per 1 m2.

Pour 30-40 g of complex mineral fertilizers into the groove, in which nitrogen does not exceed 10%. Most often, these are Kemira-Horti-2 fertilizers, which are good for most ornamental perennials. You can also use a mixture of simple mineral fertilizers, observing the ratio of nitrogen.

Perennials: growing and care

It is sometimes difficult for novice growers to navigate among the huge assortment of perennial flowers. How to choose the best perennials? For beginners, it is especially important when the external beauty of the flower is combined with endurance.

We offer you 12 kinds of colors, which are practically a win-win option.

These perennials are unpretentious and the most beautiful among the like, they are suitable for a flower garden, easy to care for, but at the same time pleasing to the eye.

Astilbe (Astilbe) is an amazing plant. Do you still know many perennials that can bloom beautifully and luxuriantly in dense shade? It is to decorate the shady corners of the garden that astilba is most often used.

Astilbe is of small and gigantic species - the height varies depending on the variety, starting from 20 centimeters and up to 1 meter.

Panicle inflorescences come in different colors - also depending on the variety - white, red and pink. Astilba begins to bloom in July and then continues for 10 weeks.

For astilba, soil moisture is important - watch this in order to water the plant in time.

The recommended varieties of this unpretentious perennial are 'Aphrodite' (red inflorescences, height 50 cm) and 'Cattleya' (pink inflorescences, height 80 cm).

Astilba is a beautiful perennial for shade

Autumn anemones are flowers of stunning elegance. Perhaps these are the most beautiful perennials among the unpretentious. Large flowers with delicate petals flaunt on long peduncles. Anemones come in various colors - from white to bright red, bloom from the end of August. They look great not only in a flower garden, but also in a cut.

Anemones prefer fertile humus-rich soils and partial shade.

In central Russia, various hybrids of the Japanese anemone (Anemone japonica) feel good.

Recommended varieties are 'Honorine Jobert' (white flowers, height 80 cm) and 'Septembercharm' (light pink flowers, height 80 cm.)

Japanese anemone is the most beautiful perennial

Helenium hybrid (Helenium) - one of the longest flowering and profusely flowering perennials. Some varieties bloom almost all summer. You can choose the varieties of heleniums so that these beautiful perennials bloom in your garden from June to October.

Geleniums love the sun, the choice of soil is not fundamental for them, the main thing is regular watering.

Recommended varieties - 'Waltraud' (orange large inflorescences, 80-100 cm high, early variety), 'Rubinzwerg' (ruby red inflorescences, 70-80 cm high, mid-early variety), 'Septembergold' (bright yellow inflorescences , height 110 cm, late flowering variety).

Gelenium is a beautiful perennial for autumn

Geranium Magnificum - Especially prized among garden geraniums for its large flowers. Geraniums are indispensable in the garden, since they are able to bloom profusely in partial shade, they are usually planted under trees to decorate near-trunk circles, but in mixborders, along with other perennials, they are also unusually good.

The flowering of geraniums is short-lived - from May to June, but starting from the end of August, the leaves of this perennial are painted in beautiful reddish tones.

Geraniums are propagated by dividing the bush or rhizomes. For species plants (not hybrid), seed propagation is also possible.

Geranium is magnificent - an unpretentious ground cover perennial

Catnip (Nepeta) is often used in cold climates as a replacement for lavender, as it vaguely resembles it in the shape and color of the inflorescences.

Catnip is an unpretentious perennial, it is resistant to diseases, grows on any soil and in any light. But the most lush flowering is observed in catnip, which were planted in the sun. If, after the first flowering, the catnip is cut off, it will bloom again.

Catnip is propagated by dividing bushes or seeds.

Recommended varieties: 'Walker Low' (light purple inflorescences, height 60 cm), 'Six Hills Giant' (blue-purple inflorescences, height 50 cm).

Catnip - an unpretentious graceful perennial

Oriental poppy (Papaetovodstvoer orientale) amazes with the beauty and size of its flowers. There are early oriental poppy varieties that bloom in May-June, and late ones, blooming in June-July.

This beautiful perennial requires a sunny spot and nutrient-rich calcium-rich soil.

After flowering, the entire aerial part of the poppy dies off, therefore, at this time, seedlings of letnikov are planted in its place (you should take care in advance).

Oriental poppy is a beautiful and unpretentious perennial

The cuff is a very hardy and unpretentious perennial. It grows in almost any soil and in any light - in the shade or in the sun.

The growth of the cuff should be controlled, since it can be even slightly aggressive, expanding it can displace other plants. However, if you cut it right after flowering, then this will not happen.

The soft cuff (Alchemilla mollis) has decorative leaves and inflorescences.

The cuff is an unpretentious perennial for any soil

Stonecrop (Sedum) is notable for how it is able to decorate the garden not only in autumn, but even in winter.

Stonecrop flowers, red and pink, collected in inflorescences, begin to bloom at the end of August. Sedum plants need sunny areas and sandy soils (otherwise their stems may lie down).

Recommended varieties: 'Herbstfreude' (height 40 cm), 'Matrona' (height 60 cm, leaves with a bronze tint).

The brilliant rudbeckia (Rudbeckia fulgida) adorns the garden in late summer and autumn. Like little suns, its orange-yellow inflorescences shine.

Some varieties of rudbeckia have the peculiarity of propagating by root suckers - the plant can spread over rather large areas. But in flower beds, along with other hardy perennials, its growth is inhibited.

Fertile moist soils and a sunny location are best for rudbeckia.

The best variety of this perennial is 'Goldstrum'. It has the largest flowers and the longest flowering period from July to September. Plant height - 70 cm.

Rudbeckia is a beautiful autumn perennial

Yarrow (Achillea filipendulina) is a true champion in flowering duration. Its inflorescences-baskets on long peduncles adorn the garden from June to September.

Modern hybrids of this unpretentious perennial are not only yellow, but also a variety of red and pastel warm shades. In addition, they are not as aggressive as the original species, their growth is quite easy to control.

Recommended varieties: 'Coronation Gold' (golden yellow inflorescences, height 70 cm), 'Feuerland' (red inflorescences, height 100 cm).

Beauty astilba: the best varieties and secrets of growing in the garden

For a long time, the elegant beauty astilba has become a classic plant of modern flower beds, and you can find it in almost any garden. There are few florists who show complete indifference to Astilbes. And this is not surprising, because an elegant plant has a lot of advantages: it is unpretentious, winter-hardy, durable, ideally combines with most other flowers, practically does not get sick, easily tolerates transplantation and division even in flowering form, and garden pests simply try to bypass it.

Astilbe is the favorite of many gardeners. Variety Superba

Perhaps her only whim, inherited from wild relatives, is abundant watering, especially in hot and dry weather. Under natural conditions, Astilbes prefer to settle along the damp banks of streams in deciduous forests. Therefore, it is recommended to plant it in shady and semi-shady areas of the garden, where the humidity lasts longer. But a sunny place, subject to abundant watering, is suitable for astilba, especially since modern varieties and hybrids are much more adapted for open spaces, where the color of their inflorescences of various colors becomes even richer and brighter.

Astilbe is very undemanding to conditions. Variety Pumila

In order to grow the most decorative and abundantly flowering plant, it is necessary to fulfill a number of simple conditions. Plant in loose and organic-rich loamy or sandy loam garden soil with the addition of complex mineral fertilizer, annually in spring or late autumn, mulch abundantly already matured astilbe bushes with well-rotted manure, compost or peat and do not forget to feed perennial fertilizers 3-4 times during the season for beautiful ...

For maximum decorativeness, it is enough to follow simple care rules. Variety Opal

From my experience, I want to add that the abundance of annual flowering also depends on the timely removal of faded stems.Astilba belongs to perennials in which each renewal shoot goes through a two-year development cycle. In the first year of the growing season, replacement buds develop only a rosette of leaves that appears after the mother shoot fades, on the lower part of which they sit. And only the next year, a peduncle should develop from the apical bud located inside the outlet.

Astilba will bloom more abundantly if the fading stems are removed in time. Variety Gloria

The development and emergence of young rosettes is inhibited if the fading stems spend time and energy on setting seeds, which, however, rarely ripen in Astilbe in the suburbs. On the contrary, the timely removal of the fading arrows stimulates the establishment of full-fledged flower buds in the developing new rosettes, which, growing, also transform the bushes of plants in a pleasant way until late autumn. Therefore, as soon as the panicles of astilba begin to turn brown and lose their decorative effect, feel free to remove them, giving the plant a long-awaited rest after the festive fireworks of flowering.

Openwork astilbe Flamingo

The modern abundance of magnificent varieties expands the range of applications of Astilba, and it will decorate any flower garden in the garden with dignity.

A wide assortment of astilbe is presented in our catalog, which combines the offers of large online stores of planting material and seeds. Choose varieties of astilba.

For example, miniature and dwarf varieties sporting funny little panicles, such as 'Perkeo', 'Dagalet', 'Liliput', 'Peter Pan', 'Sprite', 'Pumila' in addition, with its filigree cut leathery foliage, the nobility of picturesque patterned or old mossy stones in rockeries is emphasized.

Lilliput miniature astilba will look great in rockeries

And curbs from compactly growing astilbe varieties from Arends groups (A.arendsii), Japanese (A.japonica), simple-leaved (A.simplicifolia) and Thunberg (A.thunbergii) in regular-style flower beds are decorative not only during flowering. Until late autumn, the bushes with graceful pinnately dissected leaves ideally keep the appropriate strict shape and never fall apart.

Astilbe in a flower garden

In rabatkas and mixborders, astilbe are excellent partners for daylilies, phlox, host, geyher, tradescantia, brunner and many other popular horticultural crops. In flower beds, astilba can be a solo plant, or it can successfully play the role of a secondary element or background for other flowers of a ceremonial flower garden, while not at all losing its majestic expressiveness.

Astilbe is an excellent partner for many horticultural crops. Variety Visions in red

In group landscape compositions, Astilbe varieties with flaming colors - such as 'Fanal', 'Etna', 'Glut', 'Spinell', 'Montgomery', 'Red Sentinel' can serve as a bright accent and, like a flared fire, attract admiring glances.

Bright Montgomery - like a bonfire

Few and therefore such popular varieties as 'Straussenfeder', 'Avalanche', 'Brautschleier', 'Prof. Van der Wielen ', 'Moerheimii', 'Flamingo', 'Pink Lighting' with the most delicate gracefully drooping inflorescences, they will add romance and lightness to flower gardens, creating the illusion of a waterfall turning pink at sunset, or winter tree branches covered with heavy snow.

A graceful Straussenfeder for a romantic flower garden

Even in the front gardens, in which the colorful and elegant country style invariably reigns, there is sure to be a place for astilbes with differently colored inflorescences - such as 'Amethyst', 'Bremen', 'Gloria', 'Finale', 'Lollipop', 'Catleya', 'Snowdrift', 'Superba', 'Purpurkerze', 'Visions' and many other wonderful varieties.

Spectacular Visions will fit in any flower garden

They can, depending on their characteristics, quickly grow in vast meadows, drowning out annoying weeds, or compactly and unobtrusively coexist with other flowers for many years, occupying only the allotted space for them. And, of course, astilbes are traditionally grown in shady flower beds, where they illuminate the secluded corners of the garden with colorful fireworks of fluffy inflorescences, and by the reservoir, where astilbes will bring an element of peace of mind, bizarrely reflected in the dark water.

Astilbe presented her collection
Natalia Konstantinova

Astilba care

Growing perennials in the open field does not cause problems and worries for gardeners. The main thing is that the place is right for the plant.

We remind you that an ideal plot is characterized by:

  • diffused shadow created by shrubs or trees
  • humid air provided by a pond or stream.

Changes in humidification conditions are instantly reflected in the appearance of the astilba. Growth in sunny areas, combined with a lack of moisture in the soil, leads to a smaller size of bushes and panicles.

Additionally, the following consequences are observed:

  • delay in the growth of rhizomes
  • falling leaves
  • shorter flowering time
  • loss of general decorativeness.

With low air humidity and constant windiness, the plant can fold and shed foliage, astilbe burns and dries.

  • re-mulch the soil
  • water the plant abundantly and regularly
  • spray greens
  • organize artificial shading during hot hours
  • take care of a more dense planting of a perennial.

On a note! Astilba tends to drive out weeds. The flower garden will always look well-groomed.

Drought tolerant varieties

Today, breeders have managed to develop perennial samples that are tolerant of an arid climate. So, the Japanese astilbe is able to survive even in conditions of lack of water. The scorched greens will die, but in the spring the plant will again throw out young growth. Do not rush to uproot the flower that was ruined this year. At least give the rhizome a chance to show its strength next season.

The relatively dry soil will not harm the Chinese Astilbe Superba and Purpurlance.

Flowering period

The flowering time of astilba depends on the variety and climatic conditions. In general, panicles mature within 60-120 days after awakening (exiting the dormant period).

Usually, Japanese astilba and all low-growing varieties are revealed first, followed by the common-leaved, Thunberg, as well as medium-sized hybrids of Arends and Lemoine. Chinese perennials close the flowering season.

The duration of a riot of colors directly depends on the climatic features of the area and varies within 12-35 days. At the end of flowering, individual astilbes do not lose their natural palette, creating the effect of an incredibly long flowering.

On a note! Gardeners note that in sunny areas, panicles fade faster than in shady areas.

If there is no purpose to stock up on seeds, the semi-dry astilbe brushes are cut off. At the same time, the bushes do not lose their decorative effect. Red, brown, brown-green and green foliage retains its beauty until the very frost. The main thing is that the autumn is warm, the air is regularly saturated with moisture, the temperature decreases slowly (gradually).


Mulching allows you to retain moisture in the soil, but it is not able to saturate the soil with oxygen. Spring and summer rains very compact the earth, making it difficult for plants to "breathe".

Loosening allows you to increase the air permeability of the soil around the astilba, to control weeds. It is useful to hold the event 2-3 times per season.

During loosening, the soil is not turned over. The main task is to destroy the crust on the surface of the hole. The procedure is carried out neatly with an ordinary pololnik, focusing on a depth of 5-10 cm.

Top dressing

How to grow a healthy and robust plant? You just need to root a quality seedling in the ground, create a shaded environment and ensure a regular flow of moisture to the roots. Astilba will grow, bloom and delight the eyes of the gardener.

It cannot be said that a perennial is in vital need of regular feeding. However, pampering your favorite bush with "goodies" is also not forbidden.

Gardeners feed astilba 3 times a year: in spring - with nitrogen fertilizers, in June (when it blooms) - with complex complexes, until August 10-15 - with phosphorus-potassium compounds, ash. In the latter case, the plant's resistance to pests and diseases increases, as well as its winter hardiness.

Reason for dividing the rhizome and transplant time

In a favorable atmosphere, astilbe grows soon. The root collar rises 3-5 cm above the ground in a year. At first, it must be earthed (sprinkled with soil), otherwise the perennial will stop blooming. After 4-5 years, the plant must be transplanted.

The peculiarity of the astilba rhizome is such that the growth of renewal buds occurs not horizontally, but vertically, and at the very surface of the earth. If young roots are left without an earthen shelter, they will die: they will dry out in the summer or freeze in the winter.

On a note! Shredding of peduncles and perennial bushes is a direct signal about the exposure of the root collar and shoots.

In one place, astilbe can grow up to 20 years. However, in this case, it is better not to wait for a lush vegetative mass and large panicles. If the gardener wants to increase the decorative effect of the bush, he should regularly (at intervals of 3-4 years) divide the rhizome into parts and transplant the delenki to a new place of residence. This is the most common breeding method of Astilba and a separate story that deserves attention. The benefits of the event are obvious - there are more flowering bushes, the garden is more beautiful.

It is believed that the best period for transplanting is spring (no frost) or autumn (late August - September). Before wintering, Astilbe strips must have time to take root. To reduce the stress of the transplanted plant, greens can be sprayed with epin or phytosporin. The adaptation will take place faster and with less losses.

On a note! Horticultural practice has shown that, contrary to literary instructions, astilbe root well at any time of active growing season, even during the flowering period!

How to care for a transplanted cut:

  • maintain soil moisture by mulching
  • feed after engraftment three times a year
  • cut off discarded peduncles 1 time after transplanting to give
  • the opportunity for the plant to grow stronger.

Choice of Astilba variety

The culture attracts attention not only with beautiful flowers and greenery, but also with unpretentious care. Astilbe can be grown in shady corners of the garden, it tolerates high groundwater levels, low temperatures, and is undemanding to the composition of the soil. Such characteristics are explained by natural habitat conditions.

In its homeland, in North America, the Japanese islands and in East Asia, the flower grows along the banks of rivers and streams, in deciduous forests, or simply in areas with high humidity. Astilba has gained popularity in European countries as an ideal plant for shady gardens and parks. This flower is successfully grown in the Central Russian region, in Siberia, in the Altai Territory, in the Urals and the Far East.

When choosing a variety for sowing Astilba for seedlings, it is easier to navigate by the color of leaves, petals, plant height, shape of inflorescences, timing and duration of flowering. Guided by these criteria, florists grow specimens of flowers that correspond to the intended compositions.

Astilba classification by height:

  • dwarf - height up to 30 cm
  • low - height 30-50 cm
  • medium - height 50-100 cm
  • high - height 100 cm and above.

Inflorescences have 4 forms:

  1. Pyramidal. The lateral branches of flowering brushes are directed perpendicular to the central axis, gradually shortening from the lower branches to the upper ones.
  2. Rhombic. The side branches of the brushes also grow perpendicular to the central axis and form a diamond shape.
  3. Paniculata. Lateral branches of inflorescences intensively branch.
  4. Drooping. The flexible and long central axis of the inflorescence droops towards the ground.

The duration of flowering in different varieties ranges from 20 to 60 days.

Flowering dates are divided into 3 groups:

  • early
  • average
  • late.

Each has its own period. Early flowering varieties begin to decorate flower gardens in the second decade of June, mid-flowering - in July, late-flowering - in August.

Varieties of Astilba

Of several dozen types of crops in horticulture, no more than ten are grown.

Types and varieties of chionodox with photos and names

In nature, there are 6 types of chionodox, but gardeners grow only 3 of them, as well as various hybrids and varieties obtained from these species by breeders.

Chionodoxa forbesii, or Chionodoxa tmolusi

In the wild, this species grows in the southern part of Turkey. The height of the bush is about 0.25 m. The peduncle bears a loose racemose inflorescence, which consists of 15 flowers of pink or white color. This plant does not form seeds, however, the bulbs are overgrown with children every season. Cultivated since 1976 Cultural varieties:

  • Alba - the color of the flowers is snow-white
  • Blue Giant - the perianths of this plant have a deep blue color
  • Pink Giant - the flowers of this variety are painted in a pinkish-lavender color.

Chionodoxa luciliae, or Chionodoxa gigantea

This species got its name in honor of Lucille Boissier. It occurs naturally in the mountains of Asia Minor. The height of the bush is about 0.2 m. The leaf plates of such a plant are grooved, linear in shape. The inflorescences include 10 flowers, reaching about 30 millimeters in diameter, they are painted bluish-blue, and their throats are white. It has been cultivated since 1764. The most popular varieties among gardeners are:

  1. White... The height of the bush does not exceed 10 centimeters. The flowers are white, and their diameter is 25 millimeters. In one racemose inflorescence, there are about 3 or 4 flowers.
  2. Pink... The flowers are pink with a slight purple tint. In culture, the variety of this variety is very popular - Chionodox Rose Queen (aka Rosie Queen or Pink Queen): this plant has flowers painted in a very spectacular shade of pink.
  3. Giant white... Flowers reach 40 millimeters across.

Chionodoxa sardinian (Chionodoxa sardensis)

The homeland of this species is Asia Minor. The bush has a pair of linear leaf plates. The height of powerful peduncles is about 12 centimeters, they bear loose racemose inflorescences, consisting of 10 flowers of a deep blue color, reaching 20 mm in diameter. It has been cultivated since 1885. There is a garden form, the color of the flowers in which can be pink or white.

Breeders also use such species as Chionodoxa dwarf, or Cretan, Chionodoxa whitish and Mrs. Lok to obtain new varieties. However, the species themselves are not yet grown by gardeners. Breeder V. Khondyrev, using various species of this plant, was able to create a whole series of hybrids: Watercolor, Artemis, Absolute, Atlantis, Andromeda, Aphrodite and Arctic. Also quite popular among gardeners are hybrids created by crossing the Scylla double-leaved and Chionodox Forbes, they are called chionoscilla: the height of the bushes is not more than 10 centimeters, small star-shaped blue flowers are collected in dense inflorescences.

Watch the video: Plants that grow well in the shade