Vanda is an epiphytic plant from the Orchid family. The hot tropical territories of the Philippines, India, China, Indonesia and Northern Australia are considered to be the place of origin of the wanda.
Wanda is a monopoidal epiphyte that has a powerful root system. Vanda roots are gray-green in color. Each root is covered with a thick layer of dead cells that create the porous surface needed to absorb water from both the substrate and the air. In addition, this layer of dead cells protects the roots well from the effects of the scorching rays of the sun. The stem of a vanda can reach about 1 m in height. The leaves are elongated, belt-shaped, leathery and dense to the touch. The color of the leaves ranges from green to green with a bluish tinge.
Leaves alternately opposite each other. The plant forms long stalks that grow from the leaf sinuses. Each peduncle contains up to 15 flowers. One plant can form one to four peduncles at a time. The variety of shapes and shades of wanda is amazing. These fragrant flowers can be white, yellow, purple, red, orange, blue-blue and various combinations thereof. Vanda flowers have a characteristic feature: immediately after they open, you can see that they are pale and small in size. But over time, the flowers become larger and can reach quite large sizes, and also gain brightness in color. Vanda orchid blooms for 3 months. The frequency of flowering is several times a year (depending on the conditions of detention).
Vanda orchid care at home
Location and lighting
Vanda orchid is a very light-loving plant. In addition to the fact that the place where the wanda will be located must be well lit, it must also have a constant flow of fresh air. For the location of the wanda, southwest or south windows are best suited. In spring and summer, wanda leaves need shading in the middle of the day from the scorching sun's rays. The duration of daylight hours for a wanda should be at least 12-15 hours, only in this case the plant will grow well and please with flowering all year round. In winter, with short daylight hours, it is important to use additional artificial lighting.
The temperature of the content during the daytime in spring and summer should be about 20-25 degrees, at night - no higher than 17 degrees. In winter and autumn, the daytime temperature should not be 20-22 degrees, and at night - about 14 degrees. If the plant is kept in conditions where the difference between day and night temperatures is of the order of 8-10 degrees, then the vanda will bloom very soon. Conditions of detention are selected individually for each type of wanda. So blue varieties need a winter temperature of about 14 degrees.
Air humidity for keeping wanda must be at least 60-70%. Dryer air will cause the roots and leaves of the plant to dry out, and the buds may fall off without blooming. It is necessary to spray the orchid leaves every day with warm, settled water.
In winter, when the air from heating devices is too dry, in addition to spraying, additional methods of air humidification must be used (decorative fountains, containers with wet sand or expanded clay). But high air humidity must go along with good ventilation of the room, otherwise the plant may undergo fungal diseases.
In spring and summer, the vanda needs careful regular watering, but the roots must have time to dry out. The method of watering depends on the container in which the vanda is grown. If the plant is mounted in trellised baskets or on the bark of a tree, then water it by soaking the substrate in warm water for 20-30 minutes. You can also use warm rain. It is important to remember that water should not get on the leaves, otherwise they can quickly rot. The substrate between waterings must have time to dry out, otherwise the roots will begin to rot, which will lead to the death of the flower.
In winter, the wanda is dormant, so it can do without watering for 5-7 days without problems. During this period, all metabolic processes in the plant are slowed down, so it does not need frequent watering. The water temperature for irrigation should be warm (30-50 degrees).
Top dressing and fertilizers
You need to fertilize the vanda with every watering throughout the year. To do this, use a universal fertilizer for orchids and dilute it in 1/8 of the concentration indicated in the instructions on the package. Root dressing can be alternated with foliar dressing by spraying the leaves. This will help avoid salinization of the plant's root system.
At home, the optimal condition for keeping a wanda will be her suspended state. In this case, the roots should not be in the substrate. Both plastic pots and wicker baskets are used to fix the wanda.
Today, it is increasingly common to see the content of vanda in glass vases. In a vase, the vanda must be attached to a support, and the roots must hang freely. The bottom of the vase should contain a layer of wet sand or expanded clay, which will feed the plant with moisture. Almost half of the roots should be above the vase.
Vanda can also be successfully grown in a plastic pot with a substrate for other orchids, consisting of a mixture of pine bark, sphagnum moss and charcoal.
Vanda orchid reproduces by lateral processes - children. Each baby at the time of separation must have its own root system and be at least 5 cm in height. Places of cuts are processed with charcoal. In order for the baby to take root well, it is kept at high humidity (at least 85%) in a home mini-greenhouse.
After the baby is rooted and reaches a height of about 15 cm, it can be transplanted into a large container as an independent adult plant.
The growth of children on a wand is a rare phenomenon, especially in indoor conditions. Therefore, there is another way to successfully reproduce a plant - with the help of apical cuttings. To do this, use the tops of the lateral shoots of the stem, which have aerial roots. The cuttings are germinated in a substrate consisting of a mixture of sphagnum moss and fern or coniferous roots. The first three days, the cuttings are watered abundantly, and then the watering is practically stopped and brought up to a frequency of 1-2 times a month.
Diseases and pests
Most often, Vanda is affected by such a fungal disease as fusarium. It appears as brown spots at the base of the leaf. The reason for its appearance is the untimely removal of old dead roots and leaves. It is possible to treat Vanda from fusarium with a solution of foundationol.
Another disease that can lead to death is bacterial rot. You can fight it with the antibiotic tetracycline, dissolved in water. Also, fungicidal preparations help against all types of bacterial diseases.
Insect pests rarely infect Vanda, but nevertheless, aphids, thrips, ticks, mealybugs can be found on the plant.
- With an excess of moisture, the roots and leaves of the wanda rot.
- With too much moisture in the soil, wanda leaves can become lethargic and wrinkled.
- With an insufficient amount of moisture, as well as too high temperatures of the content or exposure to direct sunlight, the leaves of the plant turn yellow.
- If a wanda does not bloom for a long time, then this means that it lacks bright diffused light or there are no differences in night and day temperatures.
- When flowers fall, it is important to adjust the watering and check the plant for pests.
Wild Orchid / Wanda Orchid / How to care for an orchid?
Ginger is a healing healer!
Ginger compress on the back relieves pain no less effectively than Finalgon. A clear plus of ginger is the absence of any allergic reactions, irritations on the skin, which often happens after a pharmacy ointment. Show in full. To prepare the compress, take 2 tsp. ginger powder, 1 tsp. turmeric, 1/2 tsp chili, mix with warm water. Heat, apply on a cotton cloth, put the cloth on the sore spot and secure. The same recipe helps against joint pain, but in combination not with water, but with hot vegetable oil (preferably sesame or mustard oil).
For muscle fatigue and aches, a ginger bath is recommended. 2-3 st. l. boil the powder in 1 liter of water for 10 minutes, then pour the broth into the bath. This bath relaxes and relieves muscle pain.
Ginger tea with lemon and honey. For a wet cough, add cinnamon or cloves. Ginger tea is an excellent remedy for physical or mental fatigue, it helps to overcome stressful situations and restore strength after a hard day.
Dilute half a glass of natural white yogurt with half a glass of boiled water, add 1/4 tsp. ginger and 1/4 tsp. nutmeg.
Mix 1/2 tsp. ginger with warm water until a paste forms. Apply the paste to the forehead or to the sinuses, depending on the location of the pain. The resulting burning sensation is not dangerous for the skin.
Such a potent remedy as ginger has several contraindications. Ginger is harmful for ulcers, colitis, intestinal and cardiovascular diseases, and is also not recommended for late pregnant women and lactating women, although in the first trimester of pregnancy, ginger can relieve toxicosis
Greetings to all! I found just such an article, I would like to share and hear your opinion about this "elixir". I tried to do it yesterday, put a few jars to infuse)), though the needles were only from pine and ate a little. Show in full.
I attach the text of the article and my photos, I wish you a pleasant reading)
I give a recipe for a free stimulant for the rapid growth of any seedlings (my analogue "HB-101" with my own hands)
I'll tell you why I always get strong and strong, absolutely healthy seedlings of any plants. What is the secret, what composition I use for its regular watering.
In general, I give a recipe for a free analogue of "HB-101", which, with regular use, provides reliable protection against infections and pests. It also stimulates the growth of root and green mass, activates all cellular processes in plants, provides them with resistance when exposed to stress factors (insufficient watering and the level of lighting).
I use this composition not only for the rapid growth of seedlings. It goes for watering and irrigating all indoor plants. Usually, the effect of the application is noticeable after 2 weeks. The leaves become more saturated in color (which indicates an increase in the content of chlorophyll in them), the plant starts to grow.
The main ingredients for this free stimulant are conifers. More precisely, their needles. But it takes a long time to separate the needles, so I just cut the branches with scissors into pieces about 2 cm long.
The more types of conifers, the better. I take fir, pine, spruce, juniper, cedar. But nothing terrible will happen if you have only sprigs of fir from the New Year's composition at your disposal.
Yes, you can start preparing this stimulant just at the time when you start to disassemble the decoration of the house after the end of the New Year's holidays. Do not throw away bouquets of spruce branches and living trees. Use them for this great grout.
The point is that the needles contain dihydroquercetin, a substance with stimulating properties. It is on its basis that "HB-101" is made.
To enrich the composition with routine and tannins, I take onion peels. It also accumulates a huge amount by mid-December. For a liter jar of needles, you need about a handful of onion husks.
In the summer and fall, I also use fern leaves (from the forest). But now the hand does not rise to cut domestic ferns. Therefore - without them yet.
The third ingredient is boiled warm water.
First you need to thoroughly rinse and dry the glass jar and tin lid. Cut the coniferous branches with scissors into pieces 2 cm long.
At the bottom of the jar, put a small amount of onion husks (about half of the total). Then fill the jar with needles tightly and add the rest of the onion husks on top.
Pour everything with warm boiled water. Close with a tin lid. Put on the windowsill for 20 days. Then strain the solution.
I do not recommend using alcoholic solutions to prepare this stimulant. Because they perfectly dissolve resins, which are very rich in all conifers. Unfortunately, for the root system of ordinary plants, resinous substances are the same as for human blood vessels "bad" cholesterol.
They can disrupt the feeding process and the plant dies. And with a water extract of biologically active substances from the needles, resinous substances do not dissolve and do not enter the solution.
P.S. It's my personal opinion. I have no scientific evidence and research on this matter. I do just that
Storage and use
You can store the finished solution in a glass jar, tightly closed with a polyethylene lid in the refrigerator at a temperature of + 4-6 ° C for 2 months.
But it usually ends much faster. I use it every time I water my indoor flowers, starting in mid-February. This is the time when all processes in plants begin to activate. They are preparing for budding and flowering. And they really need support after a long winter. I add 10 ml per 1 liter of water. I measure it with a syringe.
I begin to water the seedlings with this solution when the first pair of true leaves appears. I also just add 10 ml per liter of water with every watering.
This does not replace regular, planned fertilizing with mineral and organic formulations. It is just a stimulation of all processes and an increase in the protective function of plants. But this stimulant works very powerfully.
Different varieties of this plant will require separate temperatures, so it is impossible to say for sure what temperature regime is required for this plant.
However, most often on sale there are such Vandas who need daytime temperatures in a radius of twenty-two to twenty-eight degrees, and at night the thermometer should not drop below fourteen degrees.
The plant will also need fairly intense sunlight during the daytime, but at night the temperature should not rise above twenty-four degrees.
The room in which the plant pot is located should be constantly ventilated. The window should also be left open at night. But in the summer, it is recommended to take the plant out into fresh air, which will help the intensive development of this plant.
Actually, these plants are distinguished by a special love of light. However, at the same time, some species are already adapted to the conditions in ordinary apartments, so their cultivation will not be difficult. However, not every window will be suitable for growing wanda.
As for the choice of a southern window for growing this plant, it is rather difficult to note that this option is the most preferable. For the autumn and winter period, the southern window is the optimal place for growing wanda, because the plant will not stop growing, which will lead to the fact that no diseases will arise, and there will also be no unwanted weakening of the wanda.However, if the vanda grows on the south window from about the end of March to the end of August, then excessively intense lighting can lead to overgrowth of the plant. In addition, constant exposure to direct sunlight can also cause burns to wanda leaves. Therefore, it is recommended to remove the plant a little further from the south window for this period of time, but it is difficult to give the only correct advice when the plant should be moved. Experts advise only to take a closer look at your own plant: as soon as red or purple dots of rather small size appear on the leaves of the wanda, this is evidence of the need to move the plant away from the southern window. However, there may be other changes in the appearance of the plant: white spots may appear or the leaf may turn yellow. All this will already be evidence of a more serious damage to the plant, which may further lead to the complete death of the wanda.
As for the reproduction of vanda, this plant can be obtained from seeds only under certain conditions, which is achievable exclusively within the laboratory.
If you are going to propagate the wanda yourself, then you should choose the method of division. Wanda is able to reproduce by means of apical cuttings and lateral shoots. You will need to trim the top of the stem to about half its length, and the stem should have a few aerial roots. Then this stem is planted in the ground and left in a warm place out of the sun. The plant should be sprayed every day without watering.
Colleagues presented me with this wonderful flower for my birthday! I myself would hardly have bought one - the price is 3000-3500. I have not seen such beauty in flower shops and was pleasantly surprised! First: a vase is a huge glass cylinder in which a flower is placed.
Secondly: this plant does not look like an ordinary phalaenopsis - the roots are more powerful and a bunch of fleshy green leaves
Thirdly: the size of the flowers themselves - beautiful delicate and very large flowers are located on one peduncle. I got bright purple))))
Fourthly: the plant does not need to be transplanted and any soil added, it grows right in the cylinder, you just need to raise it above the edge of the vase so that the roots remain inside, and the peduncle and leaves are outside
Fifthly: watering is obscenely simple - fill the vase halfway with water for 20 minutes, then drain all the water. And so once a week or two.
In general, I'm immensely happy))) I will try to keep this beauty and get more than one flowering, I hope it will work out))))
Renewal - my beauty faded pretty quickly - it was very hot in the apartment and the flowers dried up. I water now every other day and spray the roots twice a day. The leaves are in place, the roots do not grow, but they do not die off either. As I understand it, Wanda is now in a dormant period, but I don't really bother her. Indeed, a capricious lady, not like a phalaenopsis)))
Some time passed. I put the vanda in the bark and water it like a regular phalaenopsis, and what do you think? She began to grow roots and leaves. In my opinion, it feels great. Of course, it is still far from flowering, but finally my vandochka is comfortable with me.
Conditions of detention
You can buy an orchid in a glass flask, vase, planter or plastic pot at any flower shop.
After that, it will be necessary to create optimal conditions for the flower, close to the natural habitat.
The ideal range is 23-25 ° C, a slight increase of 2-3 ° C is allowed. This will not in any way affect the condition and decorativeness, the main thing is that at night it does not fall below 12 ° C.
Do not forget that this plant does not tolerate drafts well. When ventilating the room, especially in winter, it must be moved to another place.
It requires high air humidity - 85-90%, so one spraying will not be enough. It is necessary to put a container with water in the room.
Additionally, install a humidifier, and in the winter season, keep the flower away from heating appliances.
The flower is picky about moisture
You can keep the Wanda Orchid in the south or southwest window. In the winter season, she will need additional lighting due to fluorescent lamps. The optimal duration of the LED is 12 hours.
In summer, the flower has enough daylight, only at noon it is necessary to shade from the scorching sun rays to prevent the occurrence of burns. Alternatively, you can simply transfer it to the windowsill on the west side.
How to care
An orchid requires alternating wet and dry cycles for excellent flowering. On hot summer days, it needs to be watered daily, and in autumn and winter, the number of waterings should be reduced to one in one or two days.
Please note that moisture should not stagnate at the roots, so after it drains, pour excess water from the pan.
An orchid can be watered in several ways. Among them:
- warm shower
- watering the substrate with a watering can
A warm shower can be arranged for the orchid weekly in the summer.... To do this, put the plant in a bath and pour warm water. Leave it for an hour to let all the water drain, then wipe the leaves with a soft cloth and drain off any excess water.
A warm shower is suitable for the plant as an additional watering option for the summer period.
Immersion irrigation method is very effective... To do this, pour water into a basin and place the pot with Wanda in it for about 20 minutes. During this time, the roots are saturated with moisture (a signal of this will be their greening), and the plant can be removed from the basin.
Watering with a watering can can be done daily on warm days. Moisten the substrate with warm, settled water, pouring it along the edge of the container.
Spraying is recommended several times a day during the hot season. Moisten only the orchid leaves in this way, being careful not to get the droplets on the aerial roots.
It is recommended to fertilize Wanda with preparations for orchids monthly when watering. To do this, dilute the fertilizer as indicated in the instructions and add it to the water. Pour the nutrient solution into a basin and place the orchid in it for about 30 minutes.
The specifics of growing in a vase or glass flask
On sale, Wanda can often be found in a glass vase, glass or flask. It is not only beautiful, but also very convenient. The watering procedure is greatly simplified, moreover, the plant develops in suitable humid conditions.
If you purchased Wanda in a glass flask, then you need to remove the plant from the vase and install in such a way that the upper part of the flower rises above it, and the roots are located inside the flask... When watering, it is enough to pour warm, settled water inside the container and leave it inside for 20-30 minutes. Then the excess moisture must be drained. Between the procedures, the roots should dry well, only after that the next watering can be carried out.
Please note: the roots should not come into contact with the water accumulating at the bottom of the vase or flask, otherwise they will rot.
Under favorable conditions and good care, Vanda blooms twice a year, without requiring additional stimulation.
If your orchid does not want to bloom in any way, then it is necessary to change the conditions of detention or organize a stressful situation for the plant.
An excellent stimulator of flowering is a rather large difference between day and night temperatures, it should be about ten degrees... It is rather difficult to achieve such a difference in room conditions, so in summer it is preferable to keep Wanda on the balcony, and in winter to move the pot closer to the window in the evening, and in the morning, on the contrary, move it away from it.
With good care, Wanda blooms twice a year
When the orchid faded and the peduncle began to dry out, it was time for pruning. Using a pruner, knife or scissors, cut it off, leaving a small stump about 1 cm at the base. Cover the cut with beeswax.
What to do during the rest period
Wanda does not have a pronounced rest period... However, after the end of flowering, she needs to arrange a rest - to reduce the number of waterings and stop feeding. The temperature of the content should also be reduced to 16-18 degrees. All these activities are needed in order for the plant to gain strength before the next flowering.
Every two years after the end of flowering, when new shoots appear, the orchid can be transplanted. If the orchid cannot be removed from the pot, you can lay it on a hard surface and roll it back and forth, using light pressure with your hands to help the substrate separate from the container walls.
Gently free the roots from the old substrate, remove damaged or rotten ones. Keep your secateurs clean and disinfected.
Choose a pot that is 4-5 cm larger than the previous one. Fill the pot with substrate (see tip below). The substrate level should be 2 cm below the edge of the pot. Place the orchid in such a way that its opposite part from the young shoots is located against the side of the pot.
The substrate for zygopetalum is prepared from 60% small pine bark, 20% expanded clay medium fraction and 20% sphagnum. Moisten the mixture before use.
Use a stick to compact the substrate from time to time. Do this around the edges of the pot to avoid damaging the roots. Do not water the plant until new roots appear, but spray the substrate with soft water at room temperature.
Zygopetalum can be taken out into the fresh air from June to September, including at night. Place the orchid in the light shade of a tree during the day. If the plant has been recently transplanted, you need to wait for the emergence of young shoots, and only then take the orchid out into the fresh air.